The Yurt of the Kazakh ethnic group in Xinjiang
Yili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture is located in the Yili River Valley in the north of the Tianshan Mountains in the western part of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. In the beautiful mountains, nomadic Kazakh yurts (yurts) are often encountered.As nomadic people, Kazakh herders have to move many times a year because of their need to live by water and grass.In order to provide plenty of food for their cattle and sheep, Kazakh herders would locate their homes where the grass was most abundant, or move again after the grass had been eaten.With thousands of cattle, sheep, horses, camels and other livestock, it was a mighty scene.Walking through the beautiful Tianshan Mountains is also a scenery.Even for herdsmen with few homes, it is not easy to move every time. Herdsmen usually use camels with strong load capacity to carry the yurt.The Kazakh herdsman’s yurt is a simple “mobile house” that can be carried away with at least two camels.The main body of the Kazakh herdsmen’s yurt is made of local wood. The yurt consists of walls, poles, roof rings, carpets and doors.Herders use diamond-shaped wooden fences to build the cylindrical walls of their yurts.Then tie the top ring and house pole firmly.Ring felt walls are the foundation and must be securely tied up.The rope used for binding is made of cowhide and ox tendon, and also of wool.The poles being tied together, together with the dome, form the dome at the top of the yurt.The doorframes and doors are mostly made of pine, and the entire yurt skeleton is already complete.In order to keep warm, herdsmen use a grass curtain, common in grassland.A. Splendens bletilla curtain is light, warm, breathable and cheap.Herdsmen also draw exquisite patterns on the achnatherata curtain.It is not only practical, but also decorative.Spread a splendens bletilla grass shade, shop outside again even surround felt, tent felt and top felt.The felt is made of wool, which is waterproof and breathable.The yurt’s exterior was completed after being secured layer by layer with ropes.Inside, the yurt is decorated and partitioned with fine wool blankets, so that kazakh herdsmen, who can sing and dance, can sit on the kang.